As warmer summertime temperatures approach, it’s important to remember that dogs are vulnerable to injuries and illnesses related to hot weather, including heatstroke, dehydration, sunburn, and foot pad burns.
The most dangerous condition is heatstroke, which can cause organ failure, seizures, brain damage, hemorrhages, blindness, convulsions, and even death.
Heatstroke Starts With Heat Exhaustion
Heatstroke and heat exhaustion are dangerous situations for any dog. Heat exhaustion is generally the early stages when a dog begins overheating.
You can often remedy the effects by taking immediate action to reduce the animals’ body temperature and prevent the more deadly heatstroke.
Heat exhaustion symptoms can include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Rapid panting
- Reddening skin inside the ears
If you see these symptoms, get your dog inside quickly to a cooler area like a basement or near a fan, and offer fresh water. Dampen the skin with lukewarm water and allow it to air-dry.
Heatstroke: The Symptoms And The Dogs Who Are At Risk
Heatstroke occurs when dogs’ normal body mechanisms cannot keep body temperature in a safe range. Dogs don’t have the ability to sweat, and panting can’t always fully cool a dog down when they are overheated.
A dog’s normal body temperature is 100 to 102.5 degrees. A body temperature over 106 degrees is deadly and calls for immediate veterinary assistance.
Signs of heatstroke include:
- Rapid panting
- Bright red tongue
- Red or pale gums
- Thick, sticky saliva
- Weakness and dizziness
- Vomiting – sometimes with blood
Any pet that cannot cool off is at risk for heatstroke, but some breeds and dogs with certain conditions are more susceptible. Heart disease, obesity, older age, or breathing problems put the dog at higher risk, and for these animals even normal activities in intense heat can be harmful.
Dogs with shorter snouts, like Pugs or Bulldogs, have a harder time panting out their body heat, and certain breeds don’t tolerate the heat as well as others. This group includes English and French Bulldogs, Boxers, Saint Bernards, Pugs, and Shih Tzus.
6 Ways To Protect Your Dog From Summer Dangers
What can a pet parent do to prevent heatstroke danger? Be smart and proactive!
Here are six ways you can help your pet maintain their body temperature and avoid heatstroke in summer:
- 1. When the temperature is high, don’t let your dog linger on hot surfaces like asphalt and cement. Being so close to the ground can heat their body quickly and is also an invitation for burns on sensitive paw pads. Keep walks to a minimum.
- 2. Giving your dog a lightweight summer haircut can help prevent overheating, but never shave to the skin. Dogs need one inch of protection to prevent sunburns.
- 3. Provide access to fresh water at all times. Make certain an outside dog has access to shade and plenty of cool water.
- 4. Restrict exercise when temperatures soar, and do not muzzle your dog because it inhibits their ability to pant.
- 5. Many dogs enjoy a swim, splashing in a wading pool, or a run through a sprinkler in warmer weather. This can help bring body temperatures down.
- 6. Never leave your pet in a parked car, not even if you park in the shade or plan to be gone for only a few minutes. The temperature inside of a car can reach oven-like temperatures in just minutes, often in excess of 140 degrees. That quick errand can turn into a disaster and could be fatal for your pet.
What Should You Do If Your Dog Is Suffering From Heatstroke?
If you suspect your dog is suffering from heatstroke, fast action might save their life.
Remove the dog from the hot area immediately. Wet them thoroughly with cool to room temperature water and increase air movement around them with a fan.
Do not use ice or very cold water: it can be counterproductive since cooling too quickly can trigger other life-threatening conditions. Allow free access to water, but don’t force the animal to drink–they may inhale it or choke.
Even if the dog seems to be recovering, take them to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Dehydration is just one complication of heatstroke that the veterinarian will need to address.
The first priority will be lowering the body temperature to a safe range, and the animal may be given fluids and oxygen. A pet brought in for heatstroke should be monitored for shock, respiratory distress, kidney failure and heart abnormalities, and treated accordingly.
Your doctor may take blood samples, since clotting problems are a common complication of heatstroke. Dogs who have suffered from heatstroke once increase their risk of doing so again, so steps to prevent it must be taken. For them, hot and humid days will always pose a greater danger.
If any of the organs such as the heart, lungs, liver, or kidneys have been severely harmed during the heatstroke, the consequences may be irreversible.
Dogs are, by nature, protective of their owners. Responsible owners must return the favor by protecting their pets from the dangers of excessive heat so they can safely enjoy the welcome warmth of the summer season.
Do you keep your dog safe in summer? Do you have any tips for other dog owners that we didn’t cover? Let us know in the comments below!